Oro Valley Wonder Woman!

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Ina Road.  You’ve probably used this local thoroughfare many times, but perhaps you don’t know how its name came about.  The following excerpt from Claiming the Desert – Settlers, Homesteaders and Ranchers in Oro Valley, Arizona 1865-1965 by James A. Williams provides the explanation.

 

Ina Gittings was an early women’s educator, a community volunteer and a homesteader.  She was born in 1885 in Wilbur Nebraska.  Ina was a professional woman ahead of her time.  She earned a university degree from the University of Nebraska in 1906.  She led a successful, independent life and never married.

Ina Gittings, University of Nebraska in 1906, is shown in the earliest photograph of a woman vaulting.

She was a trailblazer in women’s athletics.  Gittings came to teach and serve as a Director of Women’s Physical Education at the University of Arizona in 1920.  She completed a Master’s Degree there in 1925 and continued to teach at the university until 1955.  Men’s sports received the vast majority of athletic funds.  “We struggled to get everything they (the girls) wanted, to keep them interested.  It was quite a battle sometimes, but we succeeded,” she later remembered.  She introduced female students to archery, track and field, horseback riding and other sports.  At one point , the women needed an extra athletic field for newly introduced sports.  Only the Department of Agriculture’s onion fields were available.  Ina won the battle and obtained the onion fields, but she and the female athletes had to harvest the onions themselves.

UP AND OVER – Ina Gittings (left) and an unidentified woman compete in an annual women’s track meet.

She was also one of this area’s pioneers.  She claimed two parcels of federal land totaling 480 acres under the Homestead Acts in 1928 and 1931.  One parcel of 160 acres was located in what is now Rancho Vistoso, along Rancho Vistoso Boulevard and includes what is now most of the Vistoso Vista subdivision.  The other parcel, along what is now Ina Road, totaled 320 acres.  This was located east of La Cholla Boulevard, between Magee Road and Ina Road.  Her residence was at the second parcel.  Homesteaders were not required to live full time on their claim.  Gittings  had a home near the university and probably visited the homestead on weekends, as many Tucsonans did.

 

Professor Gittings stepped down from her university position in 1951.  She kept her professorship and some teaching duties until fully retiring in 1955.  Richard Harvill, president of the University in the 1960s said: “Miss Gittings served the University with complete dedication and competence for 35 years” and her influence on young women “was well known and widely recognized.”  She often delivered talks on physical education and health to local organizations into the 1960s.

 

Ina Road was named for her.  It was an unpaved highway when she homesteaded in the early 1930s.  Gittings pronounced her name “EE-nah” but our local Ina Road has come to be pronounced “EYE-nah”.  She wrote several letters to local newspapers complaining about people mispronouncing “her” road.

 

 

Ina Gittings died in 1966.  The Gittings Memorial Fund at the University was established in her honor.  She is listed on the Women’s Plaza of Honor on the University of Arizona campus, and Gittings Hall was built there in 1964 and named for her.  When you drive on Ina Road, remember a women’s education pioneer and Oro Valley homesteader, Ina (EE-nah) Gittings.

 

Jim Williams, author of Claiming the Desert, is a local resident, retired teacher and historian.  He is an Honorary Member of the Oro Valley Historical Society (OVHS) and former president of the same.  If you would like to learn more about Oro Valley homesteaders you can purchase his book at amazon.com or through the Oro Valley Historical Society (contact tcolmar@comcast.net).  Jim generously donates profits from his book to OVHS!

 

 

A “Garden of Earthly Delights”

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A  “Garden of Earthly Delights”!

Gopher Plant/Euphorbia rigida

You might remember this tag line from Clairol Herbal Essence shampoo from the 1970s (it smelled wonderful!) but it could also easily describe the Heritage Garden at Steam Pump Ranch.  Joyce Rychener and her volunteer team have been hard at work urging the spring crops to peak above the soil.

 

The Heritage Garden is part of the Native Seed/SEARCH grow out crop program.  As such the Heritage Garden grows out heirloom seeds that might otherwise be lost or cross pollinated (destroying their generational purity).   The San Ildefonso Fava Bean is one such plant that has not been “grown out” since 2005.  With lots of coaxing and care, Joyce hopes to see it successfully propagate.  If the weather cooperates, corn, gourds and chiltipins will be sowed next.

 

So, what happens to the crops once they are mature?  Here is Joyce’s response:

“In the past the produce from the Native crops were used for educational and demonstration purposes, e.g., ancient corn for display and corn grinding activities for children, harvesting and eating, tortilla making demonstrations, corn husk craft projects and botanical art lessons. For three years, the chapalote corn was used for science, experiments conducted by Jenny Adams on ancient corn and the Las Capas project. Many ears of corn were distributed to the public during Second Saturday for educational purposes as visitors wanted to grow or display the unusual ears. A third of the harvest was kept for seed saving, which I replanted every year. Also, the round tailed ground squirrels and other animals ate  their share.”

MEET WILLIAM (CURLY) AND ANNIE NEAL

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Oro Valley Historical Society – “Keeping Oro Valley History Alive”

 

William “Curly” Neal –  (1849-1936) and Annie Box Neal (1870-1950)

 

Oracle Road, now known as Historic Route 80, was quite the thoroughfare in the late 19th and early 20thcenturies.  Someone that helped connect Tucson to both Oracle and Mammoth was successful businessman, rancher, and entrepreneur, William “Curly” Neal.  There’s no doubt Curly would have stopped at Steam Pump Ranch enroute to our neighbors to the north as he carried out his business endeavors.

 

William was born in the Cherokee Nation in Oklahoma to a mother who had walked the Trail of Tears and a father of African-American descent.  William became self-sufficient at a young age working at odd jobs.  At nineteen he met Buffalo Bill Cody, who enlisted William as a military scout.  William left the army in 1878 but remained friends with Cody for the rest of his life.

 

After the army, Curly (due to his long wavy hair) settled in Tucson and took on a job as a cook in the Maison d’Arcy restaurant.  After accumulating some money and other financial support, William started a stage line and freight business.   Curly would have likely rubbed elbows with George Pusch in both Tucson and at Steam Pump Ranch.  George and Johann Zellweger opened a butcher shop in 1876 which provided meat to the public and restaurants in Tucson.   In 1874 Steam Pump Ranch was operating and was a popular stop as it allowed the stage lines a place to water and rest the horses and offered the services of blacksmiths.  Note the fare from Tucson to Steam Pump was $1.00!

 

Curly was awarded the mail contract for the Tucson-Oracle-American Flag route so Oracle Road would have been a routine path for the carriers.  Along with the stage line and the freight line  that carried  supplies from Tucson to Ft. Lowell, Curly carted ore, wood, and water to the mines in Mammoth and Oracle.

 

As noted in the Mohave County Miner news regarding Wm. Neal Freight:

“One of the largest freighting outfits in the world is used in connection with the mill at the Mammoth property.  The distance from the mine to the mill is three miles, all but half a mile downgrade.  Three teams move 145 tons of ore a day.  Each team consist of 20 animals, and they draw four wagons.  The wagons are immense affairs, almost as big as box cars.  Wm. Neal is one of the best businessmen in southern Arizona.”

 

While in Tucson, William met Annie Box, the daughter of the proprietor of the boarding house where he lived. Annie had similar heritage in that her mother was Cherokee and her father was of English and African descent.   In 1892 they were married and moved to Oracle when Annie’s mother deeded them property.  It was there that William and Annie established the Mountain View Hotel.  The hotel and health resort attracted a variety of visitors including celebrities (Buffalo Bill), dignitaries and those seeking the adventure of the “wild west”.  Annie primarily ran the hotel while Curly managed the other businesses and even a ranch in New Mexico. She was known for her lively and independent spirit and as a hostess, Annie made her guests feel welcome and comfortable.  Annie sold the hotel in 1939 shortly after a freak accident on the property took Curly’s life at the age of 87.  Curly and Annie’s remarkable and industrious lives make our local history rich and should never be forgotten.

Article references: “Copper Area News” and Annie’s Guests by Barbara Marriott

 

Interested in local history?  Stop by Steam Pump Ranch on the second and fourth Saturdays in February, March and April.  The Oro Valley Historical Society presents docent-guided tours from 10 a.m. to Noon.  No reservations are required for the 50-minute tour that leaves on the hour and every fifteen minutes thereafter.  Tours leave from the OVHS tent that is located just south of the Farmer’s Market ramada.  The suggested donation supports the cost of our displays, exhibits and ongoing programs.  We hope to see you!

 

The Oro Valley Historical Society is a 501 (c) (3) non-profit volunteer organization, whose mission is “To promote research, preservation, education, and dissemination of historical information related to the greater Oro Valley area”.

We invite you to become a member or volunteer or donate.. Visit us at ovhistory.org and help keep Oro Valley history alive!

Quarterly Newsletter

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Newsletter February 2021

Save the Date!

The OVHS annual meeting will take place on Thursday, March 25 at 2:00 p.m. Assuming that COVID protocols will still be in place, the meeting will be outdoors at Steam Pump Ranch. Check the OVHS Facebook page or website (ovhistory.org) for the exact meeting location at the ranch as the date approaches. We will also send an email update in mid-March. At the last Membership Meeting, the Board discussed bylaws changes. These changes will be voted upon on March 25. We will send the proposed changes via email prior to the meeting date to give you another opportunity to review. Your proxy vote may be submitted via email due to current conditions and COVID concerns.

Did You Know…?

1. OVHS will have featured articles on the Let Oro Valley Excel (LOVE) blog http://letorovalleyexcel.blogspot.com. We hope to

communicate Oro Valley’s rich history, stories, and personalities to our residents. You can also find the articles on our

website: ovhistory.org and Facebook page (Oro Valley Historical Society).

  1. Your membership supports the ongoing programs of OVHS. This includes our displays, exhibits, and collections preservation. Not a member? It’s easy to join or donate on our website: ovhistory.org. The Oro Valley Historical Society is a wholly volunteer, self- sustaining 501 (c) (3) and your membership is even tax-deductible! You can help keep Oro Valley history alive!
  2. You can be a volunteer! Do you have a few extra hours on your hands? We are seeking docents, hosts, tech support, administration assistants and other hands on help. Contact Teri Colmar (tcolmar@comcast.net).

We can’t learn from history once it’s gone. Let the future know that Oro Valley has a long, rich and vibrant history. Many thanks for your continued support!

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Visit www.orovalleyhistory.org for more Information!

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A New Arrival!

OVHS President Henry Zipf came across this piece of history while working on a project in Tucson. It was about to be disposed of when he brought it to the attention of OVHS! While we have no history of its use at the Copper Queen mine, we do know that the Herring-Hall-Marvin Company was a consolidation of several safe companies that had a 100,000 square foot factory

in Hamilton, Ohio in 1896. “The city of Hamilton was once known as the “Safe Capital of the World”. In addition to safe building, Herring-Hall-Marvin was a contractor for the armed services. During World War II they built gun mounts and were engaged in projects related to the atomic bomb. Several other transitions of the safe company ownership transpired through the years. In 2001, the last owner, Mosler, Inc., filed for bankruptcy.” (Cite: Historical Collection at the Lane.)

OVHS can certainly attest to the fine reputation of the safe builder! It was an all-day project moving the VERY heavy safe into our storage office in the Tack Room at Steam Pump Ranch. We plan to use the safe to house selected items in the OVHS collection.

 

A new acquisition!

 

 

 

Walk Around the Ranch

The Oro Valley Historical Society is presenting docent-guided tours of the Historic Steam Pump Ranch property on the second and fourth Saturdays in February, March and April. Find out what makes Steam Pump Ranch stand out in local history and earned it a spot on the National Register of Historic Places.

Tours leave on the hour and every fifteen minutes thereafter, between 10 a.m. and Noon (the last tour). Tours are about 50 minutes. COVID protocols are observed. Each tour is limited to 6 participants. First come first serve…no reservations. Check in at the south end of the Farmer’s Market ramada.

Look for the Oro Valley Historical Society tent.

Be sure to dress for the weather and bring water. Suggested donation is $5 per person. Take out a yearly membership (tax-deductible) on-site and the tour donation is waived!

What better way to learn the roots of your community, spend time outdoors and support the Oro Valley Historical

Society! A great way to learn about the town…when it was a land of indigenous Americans, homesteaders, and ranchers.

The Historic Steam Pump Ranch is located at 10901 N. Oracle Road, Oro Valley. For updates please visit the Oro Valley Historical Society Facebook page and our website ovhistory.org.

TOUR DATES: February 27, March 13 and 27, and April 10 and 24.

Oro Valley’s Place in History!

Some Important Historic Dates in Oro Valley History

1869 Francisco Romero settled in the area (first non-native resident)
1874 George Pusch settled in Tucson
1879 Local newspapers mention George Pusch’s ranch north of Tucson
1889 Fabian Romero established a ranch at junction of CDO and Sutherland Washes

  1. 1902  Federal surveyors plot the first homestead township in Oro Valley
  2. 1903  Federal government began to sell homesteads in the Oro Valley area

1903-05 Pusch and Romero families claim homestead land in Oro Valley 1905 Francisco Romero dies
1917 Pusch family expands the ranch to over 1,100 acres

1921 George Pusch dies
1925 Pusch family is forced to sell Steam Pump Ranch
1930 Romero family loses its remaining land in Oro Valley
1935 Joseph McAdams purchases most of the former Romero lands in Oro Valley 1937 Jack Procter begins to purchase sections of Steam Pump Ranch
1939-41 Electric power lines constructed along Oracle Road to Catalina

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THANK YOU TO JIM WILLIAMS OUR NEWSLETTER EDITOR!

Happy Birthday Arizona!

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Happy Birthday Arizona!
Arizona Statehood and the Oro Valley Connection

On February 14, 1912 the Arizona Territory was finally admitted to the Union as the 48th state. The road to statehood began in 1863. In that year on February 24th, President Lincoln signed the Organic Act dividing Arizona into a territory separate from New Mexico. The efforts for statehood took shape in earnest in 1904 when to the dismay of Arizona, Congress attached an amendment to the statehood bill calling for Arizona and New Mexico to be admitted as one state. In 1905, the Arizona (Territorial) Legislature passed a resolution objecting to joint statehood: “We believe that such is without precedent in American history. It threatens to fasten upon us a government that would be neither by, nor for the people of Arizona. It would be a government without the consent of the governed. It humiliates our pride, violates our tradition and would subject us to the domination of another commonwealth of different traditions, customs and aspirations…”

Bills in the U. S. Congress were written, amended and rejected several times before both political parties included platform statements favoring separate statehood for Arizona and New Mexico. Finally, a bill was passed in 1908 allowing Arizona to hold elections for delegates to a constitutional convention.
And now for the Oro Valley connection. In 1910, cattle rancher and businessman, George Pusch, was elected as one of the 5 constitutional convention delegates from Pima County. George, an immigrant from Germany, had already set up successful businesses in Tucson (ice storage and a butcher shop) as well as Steam Pump Ranch. (Steam Pump Ranch is on the National Register of Historic Places and is located in Oro Valley at 10901 Oracle Road). He was a member of the 1891 and 1899 Territorial Legislature and also on the Tucson City Council. “The 1910 Constitutional Convention lasted 60 days. The Democrats wrote a constitution that contained measures for the recall of all public officials, including judges, who were often viewed as being controlled by large companies and the railroads. They anticipated that Congress would approve it. The Convention Republicans disagreed with the proposed state constitution and all except one refused to sign it. George Pusch and the other Pima County delegates went home, so Pima County had no signatures on the state constitution document sent to Congress for ratification. (Patricia Spoerl, Oro Valley Historical Society Heritage Guide: George Pusch and Arizona Statehood).
The original state constitution reached President Taft’s desk after passing both houses of Congress, but Taft (like the Pima County delegates) vetoed it due to the inclusion of the recall proviso. Arizona relented by taking it out. Again, it passed both houses of Congress and Taft signed the proclamation granting Arizona statehood on February 14, 1912. Incidentally,Arizonans were hoping for Taft’s signature on February 12, Lincoln’s birthday but instead Taft signed it on Valentine’s Day. (Later that year the Arizona constitution was amended to allow for the recall of judges!)

Resources for article:
Oro Valley Historical Society Heritage Guide, Pat Spoerl, 2016 Claiming the Desert, James A. Williams
Arizona: An Illustrated History, Patrick Lavin
AZ Admission to Statehood by Archa Malcom Farlow

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Photographs:
Assembly of the delegates of the Constitutional Convention with signatures of the delegates. George Pusch is seated in the firow on the bottom right.
Photograph was donated to the Oro Valley Historical Society by Henry G. Zipf (Grandson of George and Mathilda Pusch)

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President Taft signing the proclamation of Arizona statehood, February 14, 1912

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Interested in local history? Stop by Steam Pump Ranch on the second and fourth Saturdays in February, March and April. The Oro Valley Historical Society presents docent-guided tours from 10 a.m. to Noon. No reservations are required for the 50-minute tour that leaves on the hour and every fifteen minutes thereafter. Tours leave from the OVHS tent that is located just south of the Farmer’s Market ramada. Suggested donation is $5 to assist in the cost of our displays and exhibits and ongoing programs. We hope to see you!

Out and About Tucson

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The Garwood Dam in the Rincon Mountains

 

Looking for an interesting outdoor activity?  A moderately difficult 5 mile trail will take you past the historic Garwood Dam in Saguaro National Park East on the Garwood Dam Loop.

Nelson and Josephine bought the property (about 450 acres) from two original homesteaders in 1945.  Though they named the property the Bar G Ranch, the property was never stocked with cattle but used only as a residence.  Nelson constructed a makeshift road by using dynamite and dragging railroad ties to flatten the rough terrain.  Nelson began construction of the dam in 1948 primarily to supply water to the one room house that was started the same year.  The dam eventually became a steel framed, poured concrete structure that fed two 20,000 gallon storage tanks supplying water to a second larger home that was built in 1950.

Little by little the Garwoods sold off parcels of the property to various entities.  In 1959 they sold the remaining acreage.  The purchaser spent little time on the property and the houses and other buildings fell into poor condition. In the 1960s the abandoned buildings were vandalized and in the 1970s fire consumed what remained of them.  Shortly thereafter, through Eminent Domain laws, the Park Service purchased the property from the owners.

 

Other metal storage tanks can be found in the area.  These tank sites were originally natural rock pool sites that were able to hold water most of the year.  Historically, these natural pools were used by Indigenous Americans and cattle ranchers, the latter leasing the land for grazing.  The last grazing lease from the park expired in 1979.

By the way, the Garwood Dam is in close proximity to the famed Tanque Verde Ranch.  The term tanque verde  or green tank refers to the reservoir tanks used by ranchers that would stagnate and fill with green algae.  Ranchers would often fill the tanks with goldfish or carp to eat the algae.  Who knew?!

 

References:

Five Star Trails – Tucson by Rob Rachowiecki

National Park Service website – Garwood Dam history

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